Hypertension and Chronic Kidney Disease


Hypertension is a common condition in which the blood flows through the blood vessels and pushes against the walls at increased pressure. It is also known as high blood pressure and can cause serious complications down the line, including kidney damage. High blood pressure for anyone under the age of 80 is considered anything above 140/90mmHg.

Hypertension and Kidney Disease

If left untreated, hypertension can cause damage to blood vessels – this includes the blood vessels in the kidneys. The kidneys’ job is to filter blood, so any damage to the blood vessels limits its functioning. In the case of hypertension-caused kidney disease, the kidneys can no longer efficiently regulate blood volume or remove excess liquid. Therefore, the excess liquid further increases blood pressure, only to worsen the damage to the kidneys and other areas.

Hypertension is one of the most common causes of chronic kidney disease (CDK). Signs of CDK include fatigue, muscle cramps, dry, itchy skin, nausea, and loss of appetite. Hypertension often doesn’t have any noticeable symptoms unless left untreated, in which case the symptoms indicate that damage to blood vessels has already occurred. Measuring blood pressure levels is the best way to stay on top of your blood pressure.

If you have hypertension, make sure to stay on top of your healthcare check-ups to avoid kidney damage and potential kidney failure in the future. Both hypertension and chronic kidney disease are treatable, especially if diagnosed at early stages.

Preventing Hypertension-Caused CDK

Hypertension is mainly a lifestyle-related disease, and a change towards a healthier lifestyle can help treat it. Exercise regularly, get enough sleep, reduce stress, and eat a healthy diet low in saturated fats and sodium. You can also take medications for hypertension – speak to your physician about the best options for you.

Although common, hypertension is a largely preventable and treatable condition, especially if diagnosed early. It’s critical to make those necessary lifestyle changes to reduce blood pressure and protect your kidneys before damage (and eventually, kidney failure) occurs.